Post Secondary / Career Pathways

Please select one of the above Post-Secondary Plans for more information that option



College / Education Info Career / Employment Info Military Resources Info

Ephrata High School has implemented the Pathways model to assist students in planning appropriate course options that   will help them reach their post-secondary goals based on their interests and skills. A Pathway is a broad grouping of careers that share similar characteristics and whose employment requirements call for many common interests, strengths and competencies.  Clusters are further refinement of career groupings that can be found within a Career Pathway.  Reasons why students choose a Career Pathway / Cluster:

  • To help focus on a career area that matches their interests.
  • To help set goals and develop a comprehensive course plan for their high school years.
  • To provide insight into future career options and how they relate to their academic plan.

Pennsylvania Career Pathways:

  • Arts & Communications
  • Business, Finance & Technology
  • Engineering & Industrial Technology
  • Human Services
  • Science and Health

16 National Career Clusters: 

Click on each file below to see sample career Specialties / Occupations in each one.

Pathway Clusters
Arts & Communication Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications (PDF)
Business, Finance & Technology Business Management & Administration (PDF)
Finance (PDF)
Information Technology (PDF)
Marketing (PDF)
Engineering & Industrial Technology Architecture & Construction (PDF)
Manufacturing (PDF)
Transportation, Distribution and Logistics (PDF)
Human Services Education and Training (PDF)
Government and Public Administration (PDF)
Hospitality and Tourism (PDF)
Human Services (PDF)
Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security (PDF)
Science and Health Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources (PDF)
Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (PDF)
Health Science (PDF)

Students also select a Post Secondary goal to provide a direction for the path they would like to take after high school.  Options for Post Secondary goals are indicated below.  Post Secondary Goals are utilized by teachers, school counselors, advisor, and parents to help make sure they are doing the things necessary to meet those goals at the end of their high school career. 

Please consult the current EHS Educational Planning and Course Selection Guide book for more information.

Post Secondary Goals Option Examples
Employment On-the-Job Training – Employer-designed training established for the worker to gain the necessary work skills while he/she is getting paid on the job.

Apprenticeship Programs – Industry-based program training works on the job and in a classroom setting as well. Upon completion, the worker will gain journeyman status in the specific industry (3-4 years in length). Apprentices are paid as they go to school.
Military All branches of the military have skilled training for 3 years or more. Students can use their GI Bill to pay for college after their discharge or serve for 20 years until retirement with full benefits.
Education Apprenticeship Programs – Industry-based program training works on the job and in a classroom setting as well. Upon completion, the worker will gain journeyman status in the specific industry (3-4 years in length). Apprentices are paid as they go to school.

Diploma / Certificate Program
– Short-term programs of 6 months to 1 year to acquire specific skills in order to gain employment at the entry level. These programs may be found at technical schools, community colleges, junior college, and even some universities.

Associate’s Degree
– These are 2-year degrees that enable the individual to gain entry-level employment in a specific career. Often, these workers will begin employment after 2 years of school and then obtain future degrees at the employer’s expense. Typical locations are community and junior colleges. Some technical school and most universities have some associate degree programs.

Bachelor’s Degree – These are four-year degrees with a combination of general education course work and specific major. They can be liberal arts colleges, private colleges, public colleges, or universities.

Graduate / Professional Degree Programs
– These are the post-graduate fields such as law, medicine, and PhD or other professional fields, typically 1 to 5 years beyond a bachelor’s degree.